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Artworks of Neurospine - 2019 June

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Editors of Neurospine select “Work”(1962) by Sadamasa Motonaga as a cover art of June issue 2019. Sadamasa Motonaga is the one of leading contemporary artists in Japan. His artworks pronounced sense of humor for representing his love of people and children. He created paintings which are characterized by simple lines and a gentle palette of muted primary colors.

In June issue of Neurospine, Dr.Hiroshi Abe (Emeritus Professor of Hokkaido Univ.) writes “History of Spinal Surgery in Japan”. Size of this ground breaking history article is 15,309 words, 15 tables, 26 figures, and 263 references. Dr. Abe started writing this manuscript from April 2018. During the past one year, he has dedicated most of his time to collect articles, photos, and historical artifacts as supporting evidence for writing history paper.

Editors of Neurospine are very honored to publish Dr.Abe’s history article in June issue of Neurospine. Therefore, our editorial team choose “Work”(1962) by Sadamasa Motonaga as a “signature of dedication” to Prof. Abe. From Dr.Abe’s endurance and commitment for writing history of early years of spinal neurosurgery for informing to our next generation, editors of Neurospine hope that we spinal neurosurgeons realize identity of blood line from our ancestors who have same philosophy with us to help people suffering spinal disorders.

1. Cover Image

Title: Work
Artist: Sadamasa Motonaga
Year: 1962
Size: 24.3 x 33.4cm
Oil paint, synthetic resin paint, pebbles on canvas
Copyright © Motonaga Archive Research Institution Ltd
Sadamasa Motonaga (1922-2011)

Sadamasa Motonaga was born in the town of Ueno, Ayama (currently Iga-city), Mie, Japan, in 1922. He graduated from the Mie Prefectural Ueno Commercial High School in 1938 and later was an early member of the Gutai Art Association (1954–72), which became famous for its groundbreaking performance works and innovations in painting, sculpture, and installation art.

Motonaga emerged during a time when a post–atomic bomb surrealistic existentialism was at the forefront of artistic development in Japan. However, the artist chose a different path, turning his back on the destruction wrought by the war in order to create paintings, sculptures, and performances that were fresh, jubilant, and playful.

In 1954, he began employing a vocabulary of embryonic shapes, flying objects, and cartoon-like forms, modeled in heavy oil paint, that revealed his interest in children’s art, manga, and popular culture, and that collapsed distinctions between high and low art. By 1957, Motonaga’s work had become more abstract, featuring flowing lines and pools of brightly colored pigment poured and dripped onto the canvas. This “classic style” occupied Motonaga until the mid-1960s, when his anthropomorphic sensibility returned, with paintings featuring extruded and knotted forms delicately modeled with airbrush and acrylic paint. Thereafter in the 1970s, the artist’s scratchy hand-drawn forms reappeared along with the use of canned spray paint, creating a style that was fresh and raw, akin to graffiti and animation. Motonaga occupied a unique position in the Japanese art world, creating a distinct visual continuity between the artists and imagery of the immediate postwar era, and the concerns that emerged in the work of contemporary painters such as Takashi Murakami, Yoshitomo Nara, and beyond.

Motonaga was the recipient of several prizes, including the Prize for Excellence at the 6th Contemporary Art Exhibition of Japan, 1964; Grand Prix from the Shincho Foundation, 1983; Hyogo Prefectural cultural Award, 1986; and the Medal of Chevalier of the Order of Arts and Letters, 1988. He died in Takarazuka, Japan, in 2011. His work has been the subject of many retrospective exhibitions, most notably at, The National Museum of Art, Osaka, 1980; Mie Prefectural Art Museum, Tsu, 1991 and 2009; Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, Kobe, 1998; Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, 2003; Nagano Prefectural Shinano Art Museum, 2005; and the Dallas Museum of Art, 2015.

2. Selection of Dr. Seung-Jae Hyun

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19edi-003.pdf

Title: The Weeping Waman
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1937

The Weeping Woman series is regarded as a thematic continuation of the tragedy depicted in Picasso's epic painting Guernica. In focusing on the image of a woman crying, the artist was no longer painting the effects of the Spanish Civil War directly, but rather referring to a singular universal image of suffering.

More information: https://www.pablopicasso.org/the-weeping-woman.jsp

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)

3. Selection of Dr. Shashank S. Kale

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19int002.pdf

Title: Mediterranean Landscape
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1935

This particular piece was finished in 1952, after Picasso's cubism style was developed. The choppy shapes remind viewers of a collage, or synthetic cubism. Synthetic cubism is the use of cut paper fragments, wallpaper or newspaper, pasted into the composition. This style was developed along with Georges Braque and it analyzed objects by their shape.

More information: https://www.pablopicasso.org/mediterranean-landscape.jsp

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)

4. Selection of Dr. P Sarat Chandra

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19edi-004.pdf

Title: The Rest
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1932

It was painted in a more Surrealist and Post-Impressionist style than his more famous Cubist paintings, both in the use of colour and form. In The Rest, Picasso depicts a woman sleeping peacefully on her arms. The painting contains zones of colour with deep curved outlines. In one hand, there is a casual extension of her hand, making the limb placement highly personal as a lover's view. The woman in this painting is Marie-Thérèse Walter, one of Picasso's first mistresses. She is the subject of many of Picasso's works including slight variations of this one, also called Le Repos.

More information: http://www.pablopicasso.net/rest/

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)

5. Selection of Dr. Jae Taek Hong

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19edi-010.pdf

Title: Head of a woman (Olga Picasso)
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1935

Picasso really believed her to be his love forever. The evidence was a marriage settlement where all his paintings were to be divided equally between them. Having settled in Paris, Olga furnished the house in a glamorous and luxurious manner, in the high of fashion. They had a car with a driver, an art studio that occupied the entire second floor, highbred dogs; they threw receptions, dinner parties and social functions. Olga liked expensive clothes, caviar and champagne. Pablo also was not averse to ordering a suit at a high-end couturier. He had golden watch in a vest pocket. He was proud of his wife, of her manner to behave in a high society, of her unconventional beauty and fine demeanor, and humored her in her wish to live in grand style.

More information: https://www.pablo-ruiz-picasso.net/theme-olga.php

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)

6. Selection of Dr. Mehmet Zileli

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19edi-009.pdf

Title: Head of a Woman
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1960

Picasso first met Jacqueline Roque (1927-1986) in Vallauris in the summer of 1952. They were married in 1961. He recorded her distinctive features-high cheekbones, enormous eyes, and dark, straight hair-in hundreds of works in a variety of styles between 1954 and 1972.
Head of a Woman appears to be the culmination of a series of ten wash drawings made on November 12, 1960. They in turn derive from several paintings from 1949 of Picasso's former mistress, Françoise Gilot. In recapitulating these earlier works, Picasso essentially transmuted images of Françoise into this 1960 portrait of Jacqueline.

More information: https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1990.192/

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)

7. Selection of Dr. Justin S. Smith

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19edi-005.pdf

Title: Les Femmes d'Alger
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1955

Pablo Picasso had been fascinated by Delacroix all his adult life, and by Les femmes d’Alger in particular. In addition to being an homage to Delacroix, Picasso conceived the series as an elegy to his friend and great artistic rival, Henri Matisse. Matisse had died in November 1954, five weeks before Picasso began the series. Matisse viewed Delacroix as his immediate forebear in terms of colour and Orientalist subject matter.

More information: https://www.christies.com/features/Picasso-5829-1.aspx

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)

8. Selection of Dr. Praveen V. Mummaneni

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19edi-011.pdf

Title: On the Beach
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1937

On the Beach also draws upon aspects of Surrealism, here we are once more confronted with two female forms constructed from an assemblage of peculiar biomorphic forms. The figures appear to be at the edge of the sea and one lowers a small toy boat into the water. Another, similar form rises above the horizon, as if watching the activity of the foreground figures. However, as this figure is represented as approximately the same scale as the foreground figures, its presence on the horizon implies that it is a gigantic and threatening being.

More information: https://www.pablopicasso.org/on-the-beach.jsp

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)

9. Selection of Dr. K Daniel Riew

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19edi-006.pdf

Title: La Soupe
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1902

Despite his initial success at the Vollard exhibition in 1901, Picasso's funds soon dried up. It was not unusual for the artist to go hungry during this period in Paris, but his own circumstances only heightened his awareness of their desperate poverty that frequently surrounded him. Back in Barcelona in 1902 Picasso produced the painting entitled The Soup.

More information: https://www.pablopicasso.org/the-soup.jsp

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)

10. Selection of Dr. Dean Chou

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19edi-008.pdf

Title: Still Life with a Bottle of Rum
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1911

Picasso painted this work in Céret, a small town in the foothills of the French Pyrenees, where he worked alongside Georges Braque (1882-1963). Their joint development of the painterly style called Cubism has become the stuff of legend.

More information: https://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/1999.363.63/

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)

11. Selection of Dr. Michael G. Fehlings

https://www.e-neurospine.org/upload/pdf/ns-19edi-007.pdf

Title: Friendship
Artist: Pablo Picasso
Year: 1908

Picasso painted Friendship in 1908. Executed with great fluency and confidence. It has been interpreted as an image of both lesbian and heterosexual love, but since Picasso concealed the figures' genitals and endowed each with a massive physique of ambiguous gender they were perhaps supposed to be the androgynies of 'primitive' ancestor myths.

More information: https://www.pablopicasso.org/friendship.jsp

© 2019 - Succession Pablo Picasso - SACK (Korea)



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