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Neurospine provides spine clinicians and researchers with peer-reviewed articles on basic and clinical investigation of spine and spinal cord to enhance patient management, education, clinical or experimental research, and professionalism.
The journal will consider submissions in areas on craniocervical to lumbosacral spine including the followings: neuroscience and pain research, bone and mineral research, disc and joint research, bio and industrial technology, pathophysiology, risk factors, symptomatology, imaging, treatment, rehabilitation of spine, spinal cord and peripheral nerve diseases.

Review Article

March 31, 2024


Navigation-Guided/Robot-Assisted Spinal Surgery: A Review Article
Young-Seok Lee, Dae-Chul Cho, Kyoung-Tae Kim
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):8-17.

Review Article

February 1, 2024


Spinal Robotics in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: A Systematic Review
Kareem Khalifeh, Nolan J. Brown, Zach Pennington, Martin H. Pham
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):20-29.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


Deep Learning-Assisted Quantitative Measurement of Thoracolumbar Fracture Features on Lateral Radiographs
Woon Tak Yuh, Eun Kyung Khil, Yu Sung Yoon, Burnyoung Kim, Hongjun Yoon, Jihe Lim, Kyoung Yeon Lee, Yeong Seo Yoo, Kyeong Deuk An
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):30-43.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


Deep Learning-Enhanced Hand Grip and Release Test for Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: Shortening Assessment Duration to 6 Seconds
Yongyu Ye, Yunbing Chang, Weihao Wu, Tianying Liao, Tao Yu, Chong Chen, Zhengran Yu, Junying Chen, Guoyan Liang
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):46-56.

Original Article

February 1, 2024


Whole Spine Segmentation Using Object Detection and Semantic Segmentation
Raffaele Da Mutten, Olivier Zanier, Sven Theiler, Seung-Jun Ryu, Luca Regli, Carlo Serra, Victor E. Staartjes
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):57-67.

Original Article

February 1, 2024


TomoRay: Generating Synthetic Computed Tomography of the Spine From Biplanar Radiographs
Olivier Zanier, Sven Theiler, Raffaele Da Mutten, Seung-Jun Ryu, Luca Regli, Carlo Serra, Victor E. Staartjes
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):68-75.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


Intraoperative Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Navigation Versus 2-Dimensional Fluoroscopy in Single-Level Lumbar Spinal Fusion: A Comparative Analysis
Gianluca Vadalà, Giuseppe Francesco Papalia, Fabrizio Russo, Paolo Brigato, Luca Ambrosio, Rocco Papalia, Vincenzo Denaro
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):76-82.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


A Propensity Score-Matched Cohort Study Comparing 3 Different Spine Pedicle Screw Fixation Methods: Freehand, Fluoroscopy-Guided, and Robot-Assisted Techniques
Yoon Ha Hwang, Byeong-Jin Ha, Hyung Cheol Kim, Byung Ho Lee, Jeong-Yoon Park, Dong-Kyu Chin, Seong Yi
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):83-94.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


Advancements and Challenges in Robot-Assisted Bone Processing in Neurosurgical Procedures
Yoshihiro Kitahama, Hiroo Shizuka, Yuto Nakano, Yukoh Ohara, Jun Muto, Shuntaro Tsuchida, Daisuke Motoyama, Hideaki Miyake, Katsuhiko Sakai
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):97-103.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


Transoral Robotic-Assisted Neurosurgery for Skull Base and Upper Spine Lesions
Jun Muto, Ichiro Tateya, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Ichiro Uyama, Yuichi Hirose
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):106-115.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


Robotic-Assisted Spine Surgery: Role in Training the Next Generation of Spine Surgeons
Jun Seok Lee, Dong Wuk Son, Su Hun Lee, Jong Hyeok Lee, Young Ha Kim, Sang Weon Lee, Bu Kwang Oh, Soon Ki Sung, Geun Sung Song, Seong Yi
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):116-127.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


Performance of a Large Language Model in the Generation of Clinical Guidelines for Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Spine Surgery
Bashar Zaidat, Nancy Shrestha, Ashley M. Rosenberg, Wasil Ahmed, Rami Rajjoub, Timothy Hoang, Mateo Restrepo Mejia, Akiro H. Duey, Justin E. Tang, Jun S. Kim, et al.
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):128-146.

Original Article

January 31, 2024


Use of ChatGPT for Determining Clinical and Surgical Treatment of Lumbar Disc Herniation With Radiculopathy: A North American Spine Society Guideline Comparison
Mateo Restrepo Mejia, Juan Sebastian Arroyave, Michael Saturno, Laura Chelsea Mazudie Ndjonko, Bashar Zaidat, Rami Rajjoub, Wasil Ahmed, Ivan Zapolsky, Samuel K. Cho
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):149-158.

Review Article

March 31, 2024


Proteoglycan Dysfunction: A Common Link Between Intervertebral Disc Degeneration and Skeletal Dysplasia
Kimheak Sao, Makarand V. Risbud
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):162-178.

Review Article

January 31, 2024


Epidemiology, Characteristics, and Prognostic Factors of Primary Atypical Teratoid/Rhabdoid Tumors in the Spinal Canal: A Systematic Review
Zhibin Li, Yubo Wang, Liyan Zhao, Yunqian Li
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):182-203.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


Surgeon Preference Regarding Wound Dressing Management in Lumbar Fusion Surgery: An AO Spine Global Cross-Sectional Study
Luca Ambrosio, Gianluca Vadalà, Javad Tavakoli, Laura Scaramuzzo, Giovanni Barbanti Brodano, Stephen J. Lewis, So Kato, Samuel K. Cho, S. Tim Yoon, Ho-Joong Kim, et al.
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):204-211.

Original Article

February 1, 2024


Role of Preoperative Albumin Quotient in Surgical Planning for Posttraumatic Syringomyelia: A Comparative Cohort Study
Pingchuan Xia, Houyuan Lv, Chenghua Yuan, Wanru Duan, Jiachen Wang, Jian Guan, Yueqi Du, Can Zhang, Zhenlei Liu, Kai Wang, et al.
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):212-222.

Original Article

February 1, 2024


A Retrospective Study of the Effect of Spinopelvic Parameters on Fatty Infiltration in Paraspinal Muscles in Patients With Lumbar Spondylolisthesis
Jia-Chen Yang, Jia-Yu Chen, Yin Ding, Yong-Jie Yin, Zhi-Ping Huang, Xiu-Hua Wu, Zu-Cheng Huang, Yi-Kai Li, Qing-An Zhu
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):223-230.

Original Article

January 31, 2024


Multilevel Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy for Correction of Thoracolumbar Kyphosis in Ankylosing Spondylitis: Clinical Effect and Biomechanical Evaluation
Xin Lv, Yelidana Nuertai, Qiwei Wang, Di Zhang, Xumin Hu, Jiabao Liu, Ziliang Zeng, Renyuan Huang, Zhihao Huang, Qiancheng Zhao, et al.
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):231-243.

Original Article

January 31, 2024


A Biomechanical Comparison of 2 Different Topping-off Devices and Their Influence on the Sacroiliac Joint Following Lumbosacral Fusion Surgery
Wei Fan, Song Yang, Jie Chen, Li-Xin Guo, Ming Zhang
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):244-252.

Original Article

January 31, 2024


Severe Preoperative Disability Is Associated With Greater Mental Health Improvements Following Surgery for Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: A Cohort Matched Analysis
Ishan Khosla, Fatima N. Anwar, Andrea M. Roca, Srinath S. Medakkar, Alexandra C. Loya, Aayush Kaul, Jacob C. Wolf, Vincent P. Federico, Arash J. Sayari, Gregory D. Lopez, et al.
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):253-260.

Original Article

January 31, 2024


Comparing Outcomes of Banana-Shaped and Straight Cages in Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Degenerative Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Guang-Xun Lin, Li-Ru He, Jin-Niang Nan, Wen-Bin Xu, Keyi Xiao, Zhiqiang Que, Shang-Wun Jhang, Chien-Min Chen, Ming-Tao Zhu, Gang Rui
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):261-272.

Original Article

January 31, 2024


Biomechanical Evaluation of 2 Endoscopic Spine Surgery Methods for Treating Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Finite Element Study
Yang Zou, Shuo Ji, Hui Wen Yang, Tao Ma, Yue Kun Fang, Zhi Cheng Wang, Miao Miao Liu, Ping Hui Zhou, Zheng Qi Bao, Chang Chun Zhang, et al.
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):273-285.

Original Article

January 31, 2024


Does Sacral Slanting Affect Postoperative Shoulder Balance in Patients With Lenke Type 2A Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?
Chang Ju Hwang, Hyung Rae Lee, Suk Kyu Lee, Sang Yun Seok, Jae Hwan Cho, Dong-Ho Lee, Choon Sung Lee
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):286-292.

Original Article

January 31, 2024


Quantitative Analysis of the Effect of Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Postoperative Residual Cervical Dumbbell Tumors: A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study
Sang Hyub Lee, Sun Woo Jang, Hong Kyung Shin, Jeoung Hee Kim, Danbi Park, Chang-Min Ha, Sun-Ho Lee, Dong Ho Kang, Young Hyun Cho, Sang Ryong Jeon, et al.
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):293-302.

Original Article

February 1, 2024


Comparison of Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes Between Transforaminal Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy and Microdiscectomy: A Follow-up Exceeding 5 Years
Xinyu Yang, Shijun Zhang, Junxiao Su, Sai Guo, Yakubu Ibrahim, Kai Zhang, Yonghao Tian, Lianlei Wang, Suomao Yuan, Xinyu Liu
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):303-313.

Original Article

February 1, 2024


Clinical Characteristics, Surgical Outcomes, and Risk Factors for Emergency Surgery in Patients With Spinal Metastases: A Prospective Cohort Study
Yutaro Kanda, Kenichiro Kakutani, Yoshitada Sakai, Takashi Yurube, Yoshiki Takeoka, Kunihiko Miyazaki, Hiroki Ohnishi, Tomoya Matsuo, Masao Ryu, Naotoshi Kumagai, et al.
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):314-327.

Original Article

January 29, 2024


Exploring lncRNA Expression Patterns in Patients With Hypertrophied Ligamentum Flavum
Junling Chen, Guibin Zhong, Manle Qiu, Wei Ke, Jingsong Xue, Jianwei Chen
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):330-341.

Original Article

March 31, 2024


Is Direct Decompression Necessary for Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (LLIF)? A Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Direct and Indirect Decompression With LLIF in Selected Patients
Worawat Limthongkul, Chayapong Thanapura, Khanathip Jitpakdee, Pakawas Praisarnti, Vit Kotheeranurak, Wicharn Yingsakmongkol, Teerachat Tanasansomboon, Weerasak Singhatanadgige
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):342-351.

Original Article

January 29, 2024


The Efficacy of Cervical Pedicle Screw Is Enhanced When Used With 5.5-mm Rods for Metastatic Cervical Spinal Tumor Surgery
Danbi Park, Sang Hyub Lee, Subum Lee, Jemin Park, Hyeon Gyu Yang, Chongman Kim, Jin Hoon Park
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):352-360.

Original Article

January 29, 2024


Prognostic Value in Preoperative Veterans RAND-12 Mental Component Score on Clinical Outcomes for Patients Undergoing Minimally Invasive Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Ishan Khosla, Fatima N. Anwar, Andrea M. Roca, Srinath S. Medakkar, Alexandra C. Loya, Keith R. MacGregor, Omolabake O. Oyetayo, Eileen Zheng, Aayush Kaul, Jacob C. Wolf, et al.
Neurospine. 2024;21(1):361-371.

Pearls and Pitfalls of Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion: A Comprehensive Narrative Review
Hyoungmin Kim, Bong-Soon Chang, Sam Yeol Chang
Neurospine. 2022;19(1):163-176.

Review Article

March 31, 2022

Learning Curve and Complications of Unilateral Biportal Endoscopy: Cumulative Sum and Risk-Adjusted Cumulative Sum Analysis
Jinchao Xu, Dong Wang, Jidan Liu, Chengyue Zhu, Jianhang Bao, Wenshuo Gao, Wei Zhang, Hao Pan
Neurospine. 2022;19(3):792-804.

Original Article

August 15, 2022

Complications and Management of Endoscopic Spinal Surgery
Chang Il Ju, Seung Myung Lee
Neurospine. 2023;20(1):56-77.

Review Article

March 31, 2023

Current Trends in the Surgical Management of Intramedullary Tumors: A Multicenter Study of 1,033 Patients by the Neurospinal Society of Japan
Toshiki Endo, Tomoo Inoue, Masaki Mizuno, Ryu Kurokawa, Kiyoshi Ito, Shigeo Ueda, Toshihiro Takami, Kazutoshi Hida, Minoru Hoshimaru,
Neurospine. 2022;19(2):441-452.

Original Article

June 30, 2022

Frailty Status Is a More Robust Predictor Than Age of Spinal Tumor Surgery Outcomes: A NSQIP Analysis of 4,662 Patients
Syed Faraz Kazim, Alis J. Dicpinigaitis, Christian A. Bowers, Smit Shah, William T. Couldwell, Rachel Thommen, Daniel J. Alvarez-Crespo, Matthew Conlon, Omar H. Tarawneh, John Vellek, et al.
Neurospine. 2022;19(1):53-62.

Original Article

February 2, 2022

Comparative Analysis of 3 Types of Minimally Invasive Posterior Cervical Foraminotomy for Foraminal Stenosis, Uniportal-, Biportal Endoscopy, and Microsurgery: Radiologic and Midterm Clinical Outcomes
Ji Yeon Kim, Hyun Jin Hong, Dong Chan Lee, Tae Hyun Kim, Jin Seob Hwang, Choon Keun Park
Neurospine. 2022;19(1):212-223.

Original Article

February 2, 2022

Hemostats in Spine Surgery: Literature Review and Expert Panel Recommendations
J.C. Le Huec, S. AlEissa, A.J. Bowey, B. Debono, A. El-Shawarbi, N. Fernández-Baillo, K.S. Han, A. Martin-Benlloch, R. Pflugmacher, P. Sabatier, et al.
Neurospine. 2022;19(1):1-12.

Review Article

March 31, 2022

Comparison Between 3-Dimensional-Printed Titanium and Polyetheretherketone Cages: 1-Year Outcome After Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Interbody Fusion
Do-Yeon Kim, O-Hyuk Kwon, Jeong-Yoon Park
Neurospine. 2022;19(3):524-532.

Original Article

September 30, 2022

The Role of Alginate Hydrogels as a Potential Treatment Modality for Spinal Cord Injury: A Comprehensive Review of the Literature
Ryan Jarrah, Sally El Sammak, Chiduziem Onyedimma, Abdul Karim Ghaith, F.M. Moinuddin, Archis R. Bhandarkar, Ahad Siddiqui, Nicolas Madigan, Mohamad Bydon
Neurospine. 2022;19(2):272-280.

Review Article

June 30, 2022

The Role and Future of Endoscopic Spine Surgery: A Narrative Review
Hyungjoo Kwon, Jeong-Yoon Park
Neurospine. 2023;20(1):43-55.

Review Article

March 31, 2023

Radiation Dose Reduction and Surgical Efficiency Improvement in Endoscopic Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion Assisted by Intraoperative O-arm Navigation: A Retrospective Observational Study
Junfeng Gong, Xinle Huang, Liwen Luo, Huan Liu, Hao Wu, Ying Tan, Changqing Li, Yu Tang, Yue Zhou
Neurospine. 2022;19(2):376-384.

Original Article

June 30, 2022

History and Evolution of the Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Michael C. Prabhu, Kevin C. Jacob, Madhav R. Patel, Hanna Pawlowski, Nisheka N. Vanjani, Kern Singh
Neurospine. 2022;19(3):479-491.

Review Article

September 30, 2022

Successful Criteria for Indirect Decompression With Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Wicharn Yingsakmongkol, Khanathip Jitpakdee, Stephen Kerr, Worawat Limthongkul, Vit Kotheeranurak, Weerasak Singhatanadgige
Neurospine. 2022;19(3):805-815.

Original Article

August 10, 2022

Surgeons Learning Curve of Transforaminal Endoscopic Discectomy for Sciatica
Pravesh S. Gadjradj, Arnold Vreeling, Paul R. Depauw, Pieter J. Schutte, Biswadjiet S. Harhangi,
Neurospine. 2022;19(3):594-602.

Original Article

September 30, 2022

Glioma Immunotherapy: Advances and Challenges for Spinal Cord Gliomas
Clare Grady, Kaitlyn Melnick, Ken Porche, Farhad Dastmalchi, Daniel J. Hoh, Maryam Rahman, Ashley Ghiaseddin
Neurospine. 2022;19(1):13-29.

Review Article

February 2, 2022

Indirect Decompression Using Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion Revision Surgery Following Previous Posterior Decompression: Comparison of Clinical and Radiologic Outcomes Between Direct and Indirect Decompression Revision Surgery
Sang-Jin Park, Jong-Moon Hwang, Dae-Chul Cho, Subum Lee, Chi Heon Kim, Inbo Han, Dae-Won Park, Heum-Dai Kwon, Kyoung-Tae Kim
Neurospine. 2022;19(3):544-554.

Original Article

September 30, 2022

A Review of Functional Restoration From Spinal Cord Stimulation in Patients With Spinal Cord Injury
Alice Lin, Elias Shaaya, Jonathan S. Calvert, Samuel R. Parker, David A. Borton, Jared S. Fridley
Neurospine. 2022;19(3):703-734.

Review Article

September 30, 2022

Risk Analysis Index and Its Recalibrated Version Predict Postoperative Outcomes Better Than 5-Factor Modified Frailty Index in Traumatic Spinal Injury
Matthew Conlon, Rachel Thommen, Syed Faraz Kazim, Alis J. Dicpinigaitis, Meic H. Schmidt, Rohini G. McKee, Christian A. Bowers
Neurospine. 2022;19(4):1039-1048.

Original Article

December 31, 2022

Predicting Mechanical Complications After Adult Spinal Deformity Operation Using a Machine Learning Based on Modified Global Alignment and Proportion Scoring With Body Mass Index and Bone Mineral Density
Sung Hyun Noh, Hye Sun Lee, Go Eun Park, Yoon Ha, Jeong Yoon Park, Sung Uk Kuh, Dong Kyu Chin, Keun Su Kim, Yong Eun Cho, Sang Hyun Kim, et al.
Neurospine. 2023;20(1):265-274.

Original Article

March 31, 2023

Current Indications for Spinal Endoscopic Surgery and Potential for Future Expansion
Kuo-Tai Chen, Jin-Sung Kim, Abel Po-Hao Huang, Martin Hsiu-Chu Lin, Chien-Min Chen
Neurospine. 2023;20(1):33-42.

Review Article

March 31, 2023

Biportal Endoscopic Posterior Thoracic Laminectomy for Thoracic Spondylotic Myelopathy Caused by Ossification of the Ligamentum Flavum: Technical Developments and Outcomes  
Ji Yeon Kim, Ji Soo Ha, Chang Kyu Lee, Dong Chan Lee, Hyun Jin Hong, Su Yong Choi, Choon Keun Park
Neurospine. 2023;20(1):129-140.

Original Article

March 31, 2023

Risk Factors for Poor Outcomes Following Minimally Invasive Discectomy: A Post Hoc Subgroup Analysis of 2-Year Follow-up Prospective Data
Zihao Chen, Lei He, Lijun Huang, Zhongyu Liu, Jianwen Dong, Bin Liu, Ruiqiang Chen, Liangming Zhang, Peigen Xie, Limin Rong
Neurospine. 2022;19(1):224-235.

Original Article

March 31, 2022

The Last Touched Vertebra on Supine Radiographs Can Be the Optimal Lower Instrumented Vertebra in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Patients
Do-Hyoung Kim, Seung-Jae Hyun, Chang-Hyun Lee, Ki-Jeong Kim
Neurospine. 2022;19(1):236-243.

Original Article

March 31, 2022

The Change of Spinal Canal According to Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: A Prospective Observational Study
Young-Seok Lee, Dong-Hyun Lee, Dae-Chul Cho, Inbo Han, Chi Heon Kim, Heum-Dai Kwon, Kyoung-Tae Kim
Neurospine. 2022;19(3):492-500.

Original Article

May 13, 2022

Augmented Reality to Improve Surgical Workflow in Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion – A Feasibility Study With Case Series
Fabian Sommer, Ibrahim Hussain, Sertac Kirnaz, Jacob L. Goldberg, Rodrigo Navarro-Ramirez, Lynn B. McGrath Jr, Franziska A. Schmidt, Branden Medary, Pravesh Shankar Gadjradj, Roger Härtl
Neurospine. 2022;19(3):574-585.

Original Article

September 30, 2022

Different Ways to Die: Cell Death Pathways and Their Association With Spinal Cord Injury
Lahanya Guha, Nidhi Singh, Hemant Kumar
Neurospine. 2023;20(2):430-448.

Review Article

March 2, 2023

A 30-Year Worldwide Research Productivity of Scientific Publication in Full-Endoscopic Decompression Spine Surgery: Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis
Yanting Liu, Vit Kotheeranurak, Javier Quillo-Olvera, Van Isseldyk Facundo, Sagar Sharma, Siravich Suvithayasiri, Khanathip Jitpakdee, Guang-Xun Lin, Akaworn Mahatthanatrakul, Hussam Jabri, et al.
Neurospine. 2023;20(1):374-389.

Original Article

March 31, 2023

Steroids in the Management of Preoperative Neurological Deficits in Metastatic Spine Disease: Results From the EPOSO Study
Anne L. Versteeg, Lior M. Elkaim, Arjun Sahgal, Laurence D. Rhines, Daniel M. Sciubba, James M. Schuster, Michael G. Fehlings, Aron Lazary, Michelle J. Clarke, Paul M. Arnold, et al.
Neurospine. 2022;19(1):43-50.

Original Article

January 30, 2022

Intramedullary Spinal Cord Lesions: A Single-Center Experience
Vincent Jecko, Paul Roblot, Lorenzo Mongardi, Morgan Ollivier, Natalia Delgado Piccoli, Thomas Charleux, Thomas Wavasseur, Edouard Gimbert, Dominique Liguoro, Guillaume Chotard, et al.
Neurospine. 2022;19(1):108-117.

Original Article

March 31, 2022

Prevalence and Clinical Impact of Cervical Facet Joint Degeneration on Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy: A Novel Computed Tomography Classification Study
Ai Okamoto, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Shohei Yokoyama, Fumihiko Nishimura, Ichiro Nakagawa, Young-Soo Park, Hiroyuki Nakase
Neurospine. 2022;19(2):393-401.

Original Article

May 13, 2022


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