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Korean J Spine > Volume 8(1); 2011 > Article
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14245/kjs.2011.8.1.1   
History of Spinal Deformity Surgery Part I: The Pre-modern Era.
Samuel K Cho, Yongjung J Kim
1Spine Service, Leni and Peter May Department of Orthopaedics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
2Spine Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA. yk2299@columbia.edu
Spinal deformity is one of the oldest known diseases that date back thousands of years in human history. It appears in fairy tales and mythologies in association with evil as its dramatic appearance in patients suffering from the disease easily lent itself to be thought of as a form of divine retribution. The history of spinal deformity dates back to prehistoric times. The early attempts to treat patients suffering from this disease started from Hippocrates age. Side traction or axial traction and cast immobilization were the only possible option prior to the discovery of anesthesia. The first surgical attempts to correct scoliosis occurred in the mid 19th century with percutaneous myotomies of the vertebral musculature followed by postoperative bracing, which outcomes were very quite horrifying. Hibbs' fusion operation had become a realistic treatment option to halt the progression of deformity in the early 20th century. Harrington's introduction of the internal fixation device to treat paralytic scoliosis in 1960's started revolution on deformity correction surgery. Luque developed a segmental spinal using sublaminar wiring technique in 1976 and Cotrel developed Cotrel-Dubousset (CD) instrumentation, which was a posterior segmental instrumentation system that used pedicle and laminar hooks on either thoracic or lumbar spine and pedicle screws on the lumbar spine.
Keywords: Spinal deformity;Hippocrates;Hibb;Harrington;Cotrel-Dubousset

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